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  • Writer's picturejacob sciacca

Managing TMJ/Jaw Pain with Physiotherapy

TMJ disorders affect the temporomandibular joint, causing jaw pain and dysfunction that can interfere with everyday activities like eating and speaking. Physiotherapy offers a non-invasive and effective approach to managing TMJ pain. This blog will explore the causes, symptoms, and physiotherapy treatments for TMJ disorders.


What is TMJ? The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects the jawbone to the skull, allowing for the movement necessary for chewing, talking, and yawning. TMJ disorders (TMD) refer to a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and muscles.

Causes of TMJ Pain:

  • Bruxism: Grinding or clenching the teeth, often during sleep, can put excessive pressure on the TMJ.

  • Jaw Misalignment: Misalignment of the teeth or jaw can cause uneven stress on the TMJ.

  • Injury: Trauma to the jaw or head can lead to TMJ disorders.

  • Arthritis: Degenerative or inflammatory arthritis can affect the TMJ.

  • Stress: High levels of stress can increase muscle tension in the jaw, contributing to TMJ pain.


  • Jaw Pain: Pain in the jaw joint and surrounding muscles.

  • Clicking or Popping: Sounds during jaw movement, such as opening or closing the mouth.

  • Difficulty Opening Mouth: Limited range of motion or locking of the jaw.

  • Headaches: Frequent headaches, especially around the temples.

  • Ear Pain: Pain or ringing in the ears, often mistaken for ear infections.

Treatment Options: Physiotherapy offers various techniques to alleviate TMJ pain and restore normal function.

  1. Manual Therapy:

  • Joint Mobilisation: Gentle mobilisations can help improve joint movement and reduce pain.

  • Soft Tissue Massage: Massaging the muscles around the jaw can relieve tension and improve blood flow.

  1. Exercise Therapy:

  • Stretching Exercises: Gentle stretching of the jaw muscles can improve flexibility and reduce stiffness.

  • Strengthening Exercises: Exercises to strengthen the jaw muscles can help stabilise the TMJ.

  • Postural Training: Improving overall posture, especially head and neck alignment, can reduce stress on the TMJ.

  1. Pain Management:

  • Heat and Cold Therapy: Applying heat can relax tight muscles, while cold can reduce inflammation.

  1. Education and Self-Management:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Reducing stress, avoiding hard or chewy foods, and practicing good posture can help manage TMJ symptoms.

  • Jaw Exercises: Simple exercises like controlled opening and closing of the mouth can be practiced at home to maintain mobility and reduce pain.


TMJ disorders can be effectively managed with physiotherapy, which offers a range of treatments to reduce pain and improve jaw function. If you’re experiencing jaw pain, clicking sounds, or difficulty opening your mouth, consulting a physiotherapist can help you develop a personalised treatment plan. Through a combination of manual therapy, exercises, and lifestyle modifications, you can achieve relief from TMJ pain and enjoy better jaw health.

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