Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex condition that affects the entire joint including the bones, cartilage, ligaments and muscles. It was originally thought to be due to “wear and tear” however recent research shows this is not always the case. OA can affect any joint in the body but mainly occurs in the knees, hips and spine in those over the age of 40 and people who have had previous joint injuries. Symptoms can be variable but include pain, swelling, stiffness and heat to the affected joints. For most people, symptoms are mild and will not cause major disability. However, more severe OA can be debilitating and significantly impact day to day activity. Specific exercises have been shown to be the most effective treatment modality for mild to moderate OA, helping restore the strength and mobility through the joint and allowing you to continue those day to day activities that you enjoy.
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